Sound Design, Music & The Birth of Evil in Twin Peaks: The Return

Screen Shot 2018-02-04 at 15.25.42David Lynch and Mark Frost’s 18 part series for Showtime, Twin Peaks: The Return, has drawn a lot of attention from critics and scholars since its release in 2017 and, following an enthusiastic recounting of Episode 8 from my colleague and long time collaborator Rupert Loydell, we started developing a paper on the show. Our focus was on how sound and music is used in the series, particularly in the spectacular eighth episode.

I delivered a paper at the CILECT North America Sound and Storytelling Conference in March 2018 (read it here), and Rupert and I delivered a second paper at the Music and Moving Image conference in New York in May 2018 (read that here). We’ve since delivered a book chapter for Critical Essays on Twin Peaks: The Return, edited by Antonio Sanna for Palgrave MacMillan in 2018 and, following the MAMI conference, are working on a second book centred around rhizomic storytelling and sound in the series.

Screen Shot 2018-06-23 at 17.45.05Rupert and I have worked together on two journal articles and a book chapter since 2015, making use of the Oblique Strategies to write sections independently and then bringing these together for the final paper.

Screen Shot 2018-02-04 at 15.36.11Abstract
The opening line in the first episode of Twin Peaks: The Return, spoken by Carel Struycken’s character, asks FBI Special Agent Dale Cooper to ‘Listen to the sounds’. Throughout the series, writer, director and sound designer David Lynch deploys a complex combination of sound and visuals in order to depict mysticism, the impossible and bring to life the birth and spread of evil in the Twin Peaks universes.

Paying attention specifically to the predominantly dialogue-free episode eight of the series, we explore how Lynch makes use of intricate sound design, score, existing source music and music performed within the diegesis in order to complete his intricate visuals. We explore how the episode, and series as a whole, makes intertextual connections to conventional and experimental film form in addition to extending upon established Lynchian worlds, and how manipulation of sounds within the series lends an otherworldly quality to the image.

Marshall and Loydell, a musician/writer and writer/painter respectively, will use the words of David Lynch, composer Angelo Badalamenti and sound supervisors Dean Hurley and Ron Eng together with critiques of Lynch’s work, to better understand the complex, alienating world of Twin Peaks, and the significance of sound and music within the construction of place, space, character and narrative in the most recent series.

About Kingsley Marshall

Dr Kingsley Marshall is a film composer, producer and academic. Head of Film at the CILECT accredited School of Film & Television based within Falmouth University in the UK, the subject area consists of 28 staff working with 300 undergraduates studying the Skillset accredited BA (Hons) Film degree, supplemented by a postgraduate community studying from MA level through to PhD. Kingsley’s research and practice primarily orientates around the use of sound (including music and effects) in cinema and television, and the production of short and micro-budget feature films. He executive produced Wilderness (Director: Justin John Doherty, 2017) which won 13 awards at international film festivals since making its premiere at Cinequest, and Mr Whippy (Director: Rachna Suri, 2019). In 2018 he co-produced with Neil Fox the short HP Lovecraft adaptation Backwoods (Director: Ryan Mackfall, 2019), which began its festival journey in 2019. More recently, Kingsley recently completed the score as composer on a film project - Hard, Cracked the Wind - with director Mark Jenkin and production company Early Day Films. The film completed principal photography in Autumn 2018, and is currently in post production. For over twenty years he has worked as a journalist, interviewing filmmakers, musicians, and designers for over 30 publications and broadcasters worldwide, written album sleeve notes and biographies for over 100 artists, and contributed to anthologies on hip hop and soul. He can be found on Twitter as @kingsleydc